The token exchange paradigm shows that monkeys and great apes are able to use objects as symbolic tools to request specific food rewards. Such studies provide insights into the cognitive underpinnings of economic behaviour in non-human primates. However, the ecological validity of these laboratory-based experimental situations tends to be limited. Our field research aims to address the need for a more ecologically valid primate model of trading systems in humans. Around the Uluwatu Temple in Bali, Indonesia, a large free-ranging population of long-tailed macaques spontaneously and routinely engage in token-mediated bartering interactions with humans. These interactions occur in two phases: after stealing inedible and more or less valuable objects from humans, the macaques appear to use them as tokens, by returning them to humans in exchange for food. Our field observational and experimental data showed (i) age differences in robbing/bartering success, indicative of experiential learning, and (ii) clear behavioural associations between value-based token possession and quantity or quality of food rewards rejected and accepted by subadult and adult monkeys, suggestive of robbing/bartering payoff maximization and economic decision-making. This population-specific, prevalent, cross-generational, learned and socially influenced practice may be the first example of a culturally maintained token economy in free-ranging animals.
Move over Ivanka Trump, America is about to get a new first daughter. In her first network TV interview, Ashley Biden spoke to another presidential daughter, Today co-host Jenna Bush Hager. In the interview , which aired Tuesday, the 39-year-old said mother Jill Biden hadn't heard anything from outgoing first lady...
Guy Reffitt, of Wylie, Texas, was arrested by the FBI on Sunday in connection to the January 6 US Capitol riot. He's one of the hundreds across the country being rounded up for participating in the violent insurrection. But according to a charging affidavit, the 48-year-old oil worker extended his hatred of the government to his own children. The member of the far-right extremist group 'Texas Freedom Force' threatened to kill his son and daughter if they told the FBI he had taken part in the riot. If you turn me in, you're a traitor and you know what happens to traitors … traitors get shot. Guy Reffitt Business Insider reports Riffitt separately told his daughter he'd 'put a bullet' through her phone if she posted about him on social media.
'Wonka' Prequel Set for 2023 Release. According to Warner Bros., the movie will focus on "a young Willy Wonka and his adventures prior to opening the world’s most famous chocolate factory.". 'Paddington' director Paul King and 'Harry Potter' producer David Heyman signed on for the project. Gene Wilder portrayed the infamous character in 1971's 'Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory.'. Johnny Depp tried his hand at playing the squirrely chocolatier in a 2005 reboot directed by Tim Burton. It is not yet known who will portray Willy Wonka in the prequel. 'Wonka' is slated to hit theaters March 17, 2023
Andrew Williams was one of the Trump supporters who stormed the US Capitol on January 6th. Days later, he asked, "How are they going to arrest every single person?" in a live stream. His expression of doubt regarding the insurrection was fairly widespread among participants. Williams was arrested on January 13th, according to Business Insider. Williams' activities and participation were chronicled in photos and videos obtained by federal police. The FBI and local police force are urging everyone with info to come forward.
Two agents were injured and two passengers were arrested after a clash at Detroit Metro Airport. The agents had blocked the passengers from boarding a Sunday flight to Atlanta "without authorization," Spirit Airlines said. "This was not a fight," the airline said in a statement. "Describing it as a fight...
US Says China's Treatment of Uighur Muslims Is 'Genocide'. The U.S. State Department declared its assessment on Tuesday, a day before President-elect Joe Biden will take office as president. The President-elect also referred to the treatment of Uighur Muslims as genocide in 2020. As defined by the United Nations, genocide amounts to an "intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.” . I believe this genocide is ongoing, and that we are witnessing the systematic attempt to destroy Uighurs by the Chinese party-state, Mike Pompeo, Secretary of State, via 'The New York Times'. Pompeo described Chinese officials as being “engaged in the forced assimilation and eventual erasure of a vulnerable ethnic and religious minority group.”. Uighur Muslims live in the northwestern region of China called Xinjiang. It is estimated that perhaps more than one million Uighur Muslims have been forced into internment camps for "re-education.". Uighur Muslims and other minority Muslims in the region are also thought to have been subjected to forced sterilization. China officials responded to the U.S. assessment of genocide. This utterly untethered fabrication of ‘genocide’ regarding Xinjiang is the conspiracy of the century, Xu Guixiang, Deputy Director of Propaganda Xinjiang, via 'The New York Times'
Former Colombian President feels that President-elect Joe Biden understands the importance of cooperation between nations. Juan Manuel Santos told The Associated Press on Tuesday that he feels Biden understands "the importance of multilateralism." (Jan. 19)
On President Trump's final full day in office, the US passed yet another bleak milestone in the pandemic. The official death toll rose above 400,000, less than five weeks after it topped 300,000. The death total—which the AP notes is around the size of the populations of...
As Democrat Joe Biden is sworn in Wednesday as the nation’s 46th president, Donald Trump’s most ardent supporters still believe Biden was not legitimately elected after Trump continues to argue the election was stolen
Being on probation, Bryan Betancur knows his movements are tracked electronically by parole and probation officers. After his GPS monitor showed the Maryland man was in the US Capitol on the afternoon of Jan. 6—during the mob attack—he was arrested. Federal court documents say Betancur has said he...
The hometowns of Joe Biden and Kamala Harris have created an Oakland-Scranton flag to commemorate their inauguration as U.S. president and vice president and to call for national unity after a divisive election. (Jan. 19)
Bryan Betancur was one of the hundreds of those arrested for participating in the January 6th violent insurrection at the US Capitol. On probation, Betancur knew his movements were being tracked electronically, so he had asked permission to go to Washington to sell Bibles. But after the Maryland man's GPS monitor showed he was in the US Capitol during the mob attack, he was arrested. According to Newser, he was charged with entering a restricted building or grounds, unlawful activities on Capitol Grounds, and disorderly conduct. Newser reports federal court documents say Betancur belongs to several white supremacist organizations. Investigators found photos on social media of Betancur in a Proud Boys shirt while displaying a Confederate flag.
‘The Muppet Show’ Is Heading to Disney+. All five seasons of 'The Muppet Show' will begin streaming on the platform on Feb. 19. Seasons 4 and 5 have never before been released to home entertainment services. The show first premiered in 1976 and featured some of Hollywood's biggest stars alongside Jim Henson's iconic characters. Some notable celebrity appearances included Diana Ross, Mark Hamill, Elton John, . Steve Martin, Liza Minelli, Alice Cooper, Julie Andrews and more. 'The Muppet Show' joins a Disney+ Muppets collection that currently includes movies, shorts and the 'Muppets Now' series. It’s going to be great to welcome back longtime fans, and to give a new generation of fans a chance to see how we got our start, how Miss Piggy became a star and so much more, Kermit the Frog, via Disney+. Today, I’m proud to say: ‘It’s time to play the music, light the lights and meet the Muppets on Disney Plus tonight!’ , Kermit the Frog, via Disney+
14 (UPI) -- The incoming Biden administration's plan to release more doses of the COVID-19 vaccine won't cause supply shortages, Dr. Celine Gounder, a member of the newly created COVID-19 advisory board said Thursday. Two COVID-19 vaccines, made by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, have been approved for use in the United States, and both require two doses for maximum effectiveness. Through Thursday, nearly 30 million doses of the two vaccines had been distributed across the country, but fewer than 11 million have been administered, based on estimates from the U.S.
The presidential pardon watch continues, with President Trump expected to issue roughly 100 pardons and commutations on his last full day in office. Joe Exotic's legal team feels confident he'll be on the pardon list. How confident? The head of his legal team, Eric Love, tells KOCO 5 there is...
AccuWeather’s Bill Wadell reports on the Santa Ana wind event that’s fueling gusty conditions as well as an increased wildfire threat across Southern California on Jan. 19.
Senate Leader Mitch McConnell Says Donald Trump ‘Provoked’ Capitol Siege . Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell has delivered his most severe and public rebuke of President Donald Trump yet. During his opening Senate remarks on Tuesday, McConnell explicitly blamed Trump for the deadly Capitol siege. He referenced Trump’s repeated baseless claims of election fraud, saying that the President “fed [the rioters] lies.” . McConnell also said that Trump “provoked” the attack. . His accusation is in reference to the speech Trump gave to the crowd shortly before the attempted coup. . During the speech, Trump urged them to march to the Capitol and “never concede.” . The mob was fed lies … They were provoked by the president and other powerful people, and they tried to use fear and violence to stop a specific proceeding of the first branch of the federal government which they did not like, Mitch McConnell, via AP News. Although he blocked a quick Senate impeachment trial from taking place, McConnell has not ruled out an eventual vote to impeach Trump. . In a letter to his GOP colleagues following the House’s impeachment vote, McConnell said he had not decided on “how [he] will vote.” . I have not made a final decision on how I will vote and I intend to listen to the legal arguments when they are presented to the Senate. , Mitch McConnell, via AP News
President-elect Joe Biden's choice to head the Pentagon, Lloyd Austin, focused Tuesday on his status as a recently retired Army general, which would disqualify him from being secretary of defense without a congressional waiver. (Jan. 19)